Panic Disorder
Panic Disorder
December 6, 2021

Panic Disorder

Panic Disorder is the physical reaction occurred by sudden periodic episodes of intense anxiety.

Panic disorder is a mental health condition primarily characterized by panic attacks. Panic attacks are sudden periodic episodes of intense anxiety, in the absence of real danger, that typically produces physical reactions.


Panic attacks may cause any of the following symptoms:

  1. Intense fear or sense of danger
  2. Feeling out of control
  3. Racing heart rate
  4. Shaking
  5. Sweating
  6. Shortness of breath or tightness in chest
  7. Chills or hot flashes
  8. Nausea
  9. Stomach cramps
  10. Headache
  11. Lightheadedness or feeling faint
  12. Numbness or tingling sensations

Causes of Panic Attacks

There is no known cause for panic attacks but a few possible causes may include: 

1. Negative experiences:

Often times a negative experience with the source of fear can lead to a phobia of the source

2. Genetics and Environment:

There may be a hereditary component to panic disorder. You are certainly more likely to struggle with panic attacks if a close family member does.

3. Brain Function:

Changes in brain function may be involved in the development of panic attacks 

4. Temperament:

Individuals who are more likely to have negative emotions and react to stress and more likely to have a panic attack


Treatments for panic disorder may including the following:

Psychotherapy is often the first option in treating panic disorder. Treatment will help the individual understand panic accounts and how to cope, often using cognitive behavioral therapy to recreate symptoms in a safe manner. 

Prescription Medications such as antidepressants may be used for the treatment of panic attacks. Sedatives may be used on a short-term basis as they can easily lead to physical dependence.

Psychiatry Online Malaysia

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